of the controversies currently surrounding the topic of “breed” bans, also know as “pit bull bans” or “breed–specific legislation” (BSL). Breed-specific legislation is an area of considerable controversy that would benefit from long-term evaluation studies in which data from surrounding unlegislated areas are used for comparative purposes. Breed-specific legislation refers to all laws that seek to restrict or eliminate ownership of certain animal breeds, most often dog breeds. Dog and Breed-Specific Legislation During the year of 2001 Washington D.C. created the Pit Bull Public Protection Act. This begs the question, will your breed be next? The Problem With Breed Specific Legislation The time has arrived, many say, for restricting the presence of- and even eliminating- certain breeds of dogs. Kathleen Larkin, a member of Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation who helped organize efforts to defeat the ban, said she was not surprised by … There is no such problem, they say. This money could be used more efficiently by addressing the root cause of the problem- irresponsible dog ownership. But it certainly would (create) a lot of pain for responsible dog owners who believe their dogs are part of their family.". The heated debate over Breed-specific Legislation (BSL) carries a lot of emotion for many people. The outright controversial legislation and BSL ban target Pit Bulls and many other breeds. In the summer of 2017, two toddlers and their mother were mauled by a neighbor's pit bulls. In Bermuda, you will need to take extra precautions if you plan to walk your Australian Cattle Dog or Bouvier des Flanders in public. A cursory look at history shows that the pervasive trend in anti-dog legislation is no longer a problem peculiar to just the large cities. Many national organizations have come out against breed-specific legislation, including the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, the American Veterinary Medical Association and the National Animal Care & Control Association. Some are those who have suffered the terrifying experience of a dog attack while others are dealing with the hurtful discrimination of their loving furry family members. In 2016, Montreal passed a controversial breed ban, ... Breed-Specific Legislation is something that should be on your radar any time you are thinking of moving to a … Introduction of BSL is most common after a tragic attack or bite incident. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. A heavy and muscular neck? Wolfdog-Wikipedia. Likewise, other municipalities and counties may require an … Simply put, a "breed specific" law, regulation, case, prosecution or anything else is one that is based on the breed of a particular dog, as opposed to the conduct of the specific dog. The wolfdog has been the center of controversy for much of its history, and most breed-specific legislation is either the result of the animal's perceived danger or its categorization as protected native wildlife. legislation in dog politics. Lynn advocates such legislation and lists on her website more than 700 localities in the United States that have some form of breed-specific law. All rights reserved. Whether even an expert can adequately identify a mixed breed dog is itself subject to controversy. Larkin said volunteers with Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation helped many people register to vote during their public outreach and awareness events. And in Ireland, you must be 16 years of age and have your dog muzzled if you plan on taking your Rhodesian Ridgeback off your property. Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) affects everyone. What Problems Prompted BSL? https://www.akc.org/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php, https://www.akc.org/subscription/thank-you. A. Mahatma Gandhi. Breed-specific legislation means that there is a law restricting a specific breed in some way. (DOGS/DOG BREED DISCRIMINATION) Pit bulls have been the target of breed-specific legislation for years despite evidence claiming such laws do not diminish the number of overall dog attacks. Pedigree Dogs Exposed. Controversy. Puppy Enrolment: Dog Enrolment "The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are treated." The aim of this study was to identify both the level and source of knowledge that dog owners in the UK have of the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. Many Animal Control agencies use a very vague list of breed characteristics to determine whether a dog is considered a certain breed. Few breeds inspire as much emotion as the pit bull. Well. However, the seemingly high numbers of pit bull attacks … When BSL is implemented in a community, the shelter costs for that community increase when residents are forced to abandon household pets of the targeted breeds at shelters. Strongly enforced animal control laws (such as leash laws), generic guidelines on dealing with dangerous dogs of any breed, and increased public education efforts to promote responsible dog ownership are all better ways to protect communities from dangerous animals. Anti-pitbull, anti-rottweiler, anti-doberman (etc.) These are passed in response to data that shows that certain dogs are more liable to dog bites and animal attacks than others. Uniformly enforced animal control laws will force all owners, regardless of the breed of dog they own, to be responsible animal owners while also preventing irresponsible owners from simply turning to a different breed. A tail medium in length that tapers to a point? First and foremost, it is difficult to enforce. Due to the successful petition effort, the implementation of the proposal was suspended until the voters could decide whether they wanted to ban pit bulls in Springfield. In 2005 the AKC tracked 106 breed-specific measures that were adverse to purebred dogs. The City of Kearney, Missouri, for example, only requires a dog to meet five of the eight characteristics on their checklist before they are banned from the city. Dog breed bans and other forms of breed discriminatory legislation force many people to give up their beloved pets. The ASPCA , The HSUS and the American Veterinary Medical Association all hold similar positions. This is why the controversy over breed-specific legislation has increased in recent years. BSL is on the rise in the United States. Founded in 1884, the AKC is the recognized and trusted expert in breed, health, and training information for dogs. In America, responsible people should be allowed to love and care for any breed of dog they choose. Our position on breed specific legislation is not unique. "The ban as not going to do anything to change bad dog owners, backyard breeders and animal abusers. On Tuesday, voters chose to overturn a controversial ban on pit bulls, which would have grandfathered in current pets but not allowed any new ones. The time spent on breed identification takes time away from important tasks that could impact the community for the better. Breed specific legislation is not a practicable approach to regulation of dogs. American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior. In the 1970s, Doberman Pinschers were singled out. You could say that this was a sequel to the first programme that was aired three years ago regarding the health and welfare of Pedigree Dogs. ", All Springfield dogs would have to be licensed with the city, proposal says, Your California Privacy Rights/Privacy Policy. This act would ban new pit bulls from coming into the city, while pit bulls that were already there could stay with very strict restrictions. Typical was her opening assertion that breed-specific legislation is an impulsive and reactive response to a particular recent dog attack which just happened to have been inflicted by a pit bull. Kathleen Larkin, a member of Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation who helped organize efforts to defeat the ban, said she was not surprised by the outcome. Many experts have also observed that public perceptions of which breeds are most dangerous have changed throughout the decades. BSL and breed bans are not only ineffective, but expensive, and harmful to everyone involved. control legislation is characterizing a dog as vi-cious, or in some way restricting ownership of a breed, on the basis of breed description alone. In some areas, regulated breeds also include a variety of other dogs like American Bulldogs, Rottweilers, Mastiffs, Dalmatians, Chow Chows, German Shepherds, Doberman Pinschers or any mix of these breeds—and dogs who simply resemble these … "A lot of people who came to the polls came to vote on this very issue," she said. I can categorically state that the passage of breed-specific legislation (BSL) never occurs casually or impulsively. The pit bull issue was important to many voters interviewed by News-Leader reporters on election day. Breed-specific legislation is not about dogs at all. This kind of legislation has generated a great deal of controversy. Support for these laws is based on the misconception that pit bulls are more dangerous and prone to aggression than other dog breeds.. Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) affects everyone. In terms of Breed Bias, this refers to the bias against certain dog breeds. One of the unfortunate results of breed stereotypes, misinformation, and irresponsible ownership is breed-specific legislation, also known as breed discriminatory bans.For canine regulation, it is important to understand the differences between the two major forms of regulation - breed-specific legislation (BSL) and breed-neutral legislation (BNL). In the United States, more than 700 cities have enacted BSL, affecting thousands of dogs across the country, in addition to the many breeds affected worldwide. Once revered as loving “nanny dogs,” pit bulls have lost their favored status of late. Such laws are usually enacted when it is believed a certain breed of dog is especially dangerous and poses a public welfare risk. In Ukraine there are 80 breeds banned and restricted, including one of America’s most popular dogs, the Labrador Retriever. Andrea Roach, one of the founders of Citizens Against Breed Specific Legislation, said, "Thank you to the people of Springfield and all the volunteers and donors who helped save dogs' lives today. She was concerned that a Fifth Estate episode on whether pit bulls should be banned was biased and cherry-picked data and information. According to the ASPCA, "Breed-specific” legislation (BSL) is the blanket term for laws that either regulate or ban certain breeds completely in the hopes of reducing dog attacks. • Breed-specific legislation engenders a false and dangerous perception that breeds not included will not show aggression. Devocalization (also known as ventriculocordectomy or vocal cordectomy and when performed on dogs is commonly known as debarking or bark softening) is a surgical procedure performed on dogs and cats, where tissue is removed from the animal's vocal cords to … AKC actively advocates for responsible dog ownership and is dedicated to advancing dog sports. A rottweiler- like many of the dogs categorized as having genetic vicious tendencies- in reality, is a very lovable dog with a natural instinct to protect those that he loves. Residents have spoken — pit bulls will not be banned in Springfield. About 68 percent of people voted "no" on Springfield's Question 1, preliminary election results show. (DOGS/DOG BREED DISCRIMINATION) Pit bulls have been the target of breed-specific legislation for years despite evidence claiming such laws do not diminish the number of overall dog attacks. Would your pug with its broad chest and short coat be in danger of getting banned under these requirements? Some say, "do nothing at all." Answer a few simple questions and find the right dog for you, Compare up to 5 different breeds side by side, Browse the AKC Marketplace to find the right puppy for you, Browse our extensive library of dog names for inspiration, Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid, Responsible Dog Owners of the Western States, visit the Breed-Specific Legislation Key Issues page, iy_2021; im_01; id_11; ih_18; imh_24; i_epoch:1610418272482, py_2021; pm_01; pd_11; ph_15; pmh_33; p_epoch:1610407986212, link-block-publisher; link-block-publisher_link-block-publisher; bodystr, pn_tstr:Mon Jan 11 15:33:06 PST 2021; pn_epoch:1610407986212. My school project - an short introspective about the controversy surrounding Pit bulls and Breed Specific Legislation. Regulation defining acceptable dog behavior is probably a more practical approach to controlling this growing problem than breed specific legislation. 8(2): 336-342, 2009). Skip to main content. The wolfdog has been the center of controversy for much of its history, and most breed-specific legislation is either the result of the animal's perceived danger or its categorization as protected native wildlife. Breed specific regulations may alleviate the anxieties of those who are particularly concerned about the reputation of particular dog breeds. A common criticism of breed-specific legislation is that trying to determine a dog’s breed based on appearance is inherently problematic and that the category of “pit bull” is itself arbitrary and overly broad. We hope this page helps to provoke some thought on a few of these controversial issues. One of the major criticisms of the breed ban was that "pit bulls" are broadly defined. Controversially, however, when a municipality or a county prohibits a banned breed from being transported within their limits, that city or county's ordinance, like the one in Denver, Colorado , may require the owner of a banned breed to acquire a transport permit before the dog can be transported through the municipality or the county. Supporters of breed specific legislation are driven by fear and misunderstanding on the part of those who do not have any knowledge of the supposedly vicious breeds. Springfield's ordinance defines "pit bull dogs" as any dog "that is an American Pit Bull Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, or any dog displaying the majority of physical traits of any one or more of the above breeds, or any dog exhibiting those distinguishing characteristics which substantially conform to the standards established by the American Kennel Club or United Kennel Club for any of the above breeds.". Breed specific legislation essentially bans, restricts or imposes conditions on the ownership of certain breeds of dogs, typically those breeds that presumably pose the greatest risk of dog bite injury. The main reason BSL legislation is being overturned is because of new dog bite incident data and organizations challenging these laws. All dogs descended with the grey wolf from a common ancestor (Handwerk,2018).Over thousands of years we have domesticated and bred these once-wild wolves to be obedient house pets. Breed-specific legislation. Regulated breeds typically comprise the “pit bull” class of dogs, including American Pit Bull Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, Staffordshire Bull Terriers and English Bull Terriers. They feel that dogs attack people who deserve it for one reason or another. It was first conceived as a method of controlling and reducing animal cruelty, as well as mitigating the occurrence of dog-related human injuries and the illegal activities of dog-fighting and related crimes. Enforcing laws that punish “the deed, not the breed” ensures that communities stay safe and individuals can enjoy their choice of breed and the best pet for their lifestyle. Breed Specific Legislation and The Nature Versus Nurture Debate in Relation to Pit Bulls Page 2 Introduction When exactly dogs became ‘man's best friend’ is unclear but lineages are traced back over 20,000 years. Some are those who have suffered the terrifying experience of a dog attack while others are dealing with the hurtful discrimination of their loving furry family members. Two days ago there was another helping of a Documentary called "Pedigree Dogs Exposed - Three Years On". Jan 23, 2018; The complainant, April Fahr, is the Director of Education and Advocacy for the HugABull Advocacy & Rescue Society. Officials who voted for the ban cited public safety. Breed Specific Legislation Wednesday, 29 February 2012. The ban was scheduled to go into effect in January. For more information and talking points on this issue, visit the Breed-Specific Legislation Key Issues page in the AKC Government Relations Legislative Action Center. Controversy over breed-specific legislation continues despite compelling evidence which indicates that breed-specific legislation does not reduce dog bite frequency, and that the enforcement of breed-specific laws is both impractical and not cost-effective. A study published by the Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances found that owner behavior has a direct impact on dog aggression and personality (“Factors Links to Dominance Aggression in Dogs.” Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. Thesis: Breed specific legislation is a controversial topic in which I am very interested and would like to explore both sides of the issue to perhaps learn something new. Does your dog have almond shaped eyes? Finally, this part introduces the two most common types of laws regulating ownership of dangerous dogs---dangerous-dog laws and breed-specific legislation-and explores the constitutional challenges confronting each. Second, BSL is extremely costly to the community. Breed-Specific Legislation regulates and enforces laws that prevent people from owning certain breeds in certain states and cities. A smooth and short coat? Working together, we can ensure that every loving pet — … As of 2016, a large chunk of breed-specific legislation has been overturned. “We don’t support breed-specific legislation — research shows that bans on certain types of dogs are largely ineffective and often a waste of public resources,” the Obama administration wrote in … In the 90s it shifted to Rottweilers, and today it’s pit bulls. BSL is a slippery slope that can affect any breed of dog. This seems to be the "quick fix". Recent pit bull controversy highlights breed-specific laws December 19, 2014 Jacob Bielanski Government , News 0 Officials in St. Charles Parish defend their own restrictions on pit bulls after national pressure forced the town of Moreauville to repeal its own ordinance banning anyone from owning the breed. The American Kennel Club takes exception to this generalization. If you said yes to these questions, then congratulations, you own a “pit bull” …At least according to the City and County of San Francisco’s Department of Animal Care and Control. Feel free to post us your opinions using the form below and we will place it on the site! Breed Specific (Selective) Legislation (BSL) laws regard certain breeds of domesticated animals as dangerous. An owner must move to a city that allows the breed or they must have their dog euthanized. States and municipalities across the country have considered—and, in some cases, enacted—breed-specific legislation designed to protect the public against dog bites.18 Commonly, these statutes and ordinances have banned, or For example, a law that states, "All pit bulls shall be muzzled when upon public property" is breed specific. Essential info about dog health, training, sports and more. What this study adds. It is discrimination against people. According to the Best Friends Animal Society, Prince George’s County, Maryland spends more than $250,000 annually to enforce their pit bull ban. The BSL bans affect many cities throughout the world. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. A spokeswoman said the legislation falsely led people to believe that non-prohibited types of dogs were safe. However, within a month, more than 7,800 people signed a petition, circulated by a local group called Citizens Against BSL, in an effort to stop the ban. Although there have been many studies on the effectiveness of BSL, there is no evidence to support the notion that some breeds of dogs are more inherently dangerous than others or that banning ownership of certain breeds lowers the bite rate. rather than the specific traits of a breed. Statutes and Ordinances Breed Specific Legislation (BSL) is defined as a law or statute that equates the qualities of a dangerous dog with a certain breed, and bans or restricts certain breeds based on identity, not behavior of a specific animal. Simply put, a "breed specific" law, regulation, case, prosecution or anything else is one that is based on the breed of a particular dog, as opposed to the conduct of the specific dog. “Any dog may bite, regardless of the dog’s size or sex, or reported breed or mix of breeds. Because adoptable dogs of the targeted breed cannot be adopted out, they are generally euthanized at the shelter at public expense. It is also very difficult for public officials to enforce such provisions in a fair and effective manner. In fact, AKC does not recognize the “pit bull” as a specific breed. generating public controversy and fear in relation to dog bites and serious and fatal attacks on humans: the pit bull terrier. Breed-Specific Legislation Still Exists. In many countries throughout the world, attempts to bring down the number of dog bites have included measures taken … Empirical data confirms that not only average citizens, but even animal care professionals, cannot identify breeds by appearance. Our position on breed specific legislation is not unique. BSL identifies a dog as … An Oklahoma state senator introduced SB 32, which would allow breed-specific legislation, as it would ban certain dog breeds. 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